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What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Stone Masonry?

Building a home is one of the most important stages in your life, therefore deciding on which material to be used is crucial in obtaining your dream home. Preference plays a major role in this choice but many other factors should be taken into consideration also. Stone masonry is one of the many options available and it comes with both its advantages and disadvantages during construction. The stones used should be hard, tough, and durable and should be prepared according to the specified requirements. There are quite a number of types of stone masonry to choose from, for example, dry rubble masonry, coursed rubble masonry, and un-coursed rubble masonry. This article looks at some of the advantages and disadvantages of stone masonry.

Advantages of Stone Masonry

  • Strength
Stone masonry set. Stone Wall Composition Set.

As a result of using stones during construction, the final outcome of your building will be strong. Stone has an average compressive strength of about 104.9 MPa, proving to be a better option than most of the other materials when looking at this aspect. The compressive strength is simply the maximum load the stone will be able to bear without crushing or cracking. The strength of masonry will also be majorly dependent on the mortar strength.

  • Weather Resistance

Buildings are subjected to all types of weather throughout the year. This is therefore an important aspect to consider. Stone masonry has the capacity to resist any effect that could be caused by the elements of weather for example rain, hail, and snow just to name a few. In the case of rain, stone does not absorb water hence, there will be no future problems brought forth by dampness.

  • Durability

Stone masonry has a great advantage over other construction methods because the stone is able to withstand wear, pressure, and damage. Such instances that may cause wear or tear on normal occasions include, moving furniture that would scratch a wooden surface or leave dents on walls. Stone will not face such challenges. It is also resistant to bending, wrapping, splintering, denting, and even swelling all of which contribute to its durability. The strength and even weather resistance of the stone contribute towards this factor.

  • Design Possibilities

The aesthetic look that can be obtained from stone gives it an edge. Stones come in a variety of textures, sizes, and even colors. Therefore, there is an endless list of designs to choose from. Stone is also versatile such that it easily meshes well with different construction materials. It can give you a majestic look, not forgetting grandiose and imposing.

  • Maintenance

Due to its durability, the buildings constructed through stone masonry require very little maintenance as opposed to other methods such as brick masonry that will need plastering and color washing.

Disadvantages of Stone Masonry

  • Weight

The stones used are heavy and produce thick walls. This is disadvantageous because it reduces the floor spacing. The handling of these stones can therefore be quite difficult.

  • Require Skilled Workers

The people employed in this construction technique need to be skilled because a lot of care is required. This is because there is little to no room for mistakes whereby alterations, repairs or even relocations cannot be made easily once made. Careful installation is also needed for the safety of the homeowners.

  • Handling

Due to the thickness and heavyweight of the stones, handling these aspects can be challenging and accidents can easily happen. More care is therefore needed for the safety of the people, the materials, and even the equipment being used.

  • Construction Cost

The construction cost of stone masonry is a bit on the higher side because of the skilled labor required, the expensive equipment to be used and many other costs incurred.

  • Transportation

Stones are mostly found in designated areas such as quarries and therefore, transportation of these stones to the sites is necessary. This is then more costly because of the weight of the stones.

  • Time Consuming

The total construction period takes a lot of time. This is first because transportation of the stones is done slowly due to caution. There is then the construction that will take more time as compared to other methods of construction.

It can therefore be seen that stone masonry has its share of advantages for example strength and durability, but it also comes along with its disadvantages like the difficulty in handling. It comes down to your preference and if you are willing to overlook the disadvantages to enjoy the rewards of this type of construction.