Your design period will be shorter and more precise if you follow a proper procedure when calculating the thickness of your concrete slab. This article discusses how thick a concrete patio floor should be so that you can make the right decision for your project.
What You Need to Know About Concrete Slab Patio
Finding the Right Thickness for Your Concrete Patio Floor
Just like any other building structure, a patio needs a good foundation. If you cannot figure out how soil shifts over time, you can lessen the effects caused by this movement by creating a concrete slab cushion. The most popular and practical support you can work with is having a gravel base. Although a 1:1 ratio would be an ideal measurement for your slab and gravel duo, you can always turn to a professional or a concrete slab calculator to get your numbers right.
However, it is advisable to have between 4 to 6 inches of gravel for your foundation. If you decide to have a minimum of 4 inches then you need to dig your way through a minimum of 8-inch pit. It is crucial to maintain your concrete slab at no more than 6 inches thick. If you wish to work with any lesser, you can put in only one slab. One thing you need to avoid is placing new concrete on top of old concrete as it is bound to fail. This could lead to premature cracking due to a shift in topsoil causing both layers of concrete to rub against one another.
Consider a slightly thinner amount of concrete if you will be fitting concrete above the level of your topsoil. It can be 3 to 4 inches high and supported by a 4-inch gravel base. If your concrete slab is thinner than average then you need to adjust your water to cement ratio to give proper denseness to the slab. On the contrary, consider installing concrete joints if your concrete slab is larger than average.
Working Out the Ratio of Your Concrete Slab
The slab thickness should be slightly smaller than the area of the hole dug into the earth to accommodate the slab. After filling the depth of the hole with at least 4-inches of gravel, you can add the concrete slab with the same measurement. The industry norm is to have a patio slab consisting of 50 percent gravel base and 50 percent concrete. The 1:1 ratio makes it easier to achieve the right measurement for your concrete patio floor. When laying a concrete slab into the ground, make it level with the topsoil or grass above it. This allows you to add greater thickness to your patio floor, as the gravel base and surrounding turf will support it. Adding an extra 1 or 2 inches of a concrete slab over the industry norm increases its capacity to support the weight of people sitting or standing on it.
It is important to take your time and effort when working around a concrete patio floor as it determines its stability and durability over a long time. Instead of rushing things through, consider giving attention to detail since many factors depend on it. If you ever find yourself at crossroads on how to design your patio, you can always seek professional help as they have better skills and years of experience.